In Ontario, students are required to select their educational pathway as they prepare to enter grade 9 in an attempt to prepare them for the journey to their post-secondary endeavours. While early post-secondary and career planning is essential, these big decisions are also very scary for students and their parents. For many core-subject areas such as Mathematics and English, students can select one of three pathways:
- Locally Developed
The locally developed pathway leads to mathematics geared for workplace and everyday life, the applied pathway leads to mathematics geared for College and the academic pathway leads to mathematics geared for University. Although the intention is to help students follow a pathway that ultimately leads to their most desired post-secondary destination, often times pathways are selected based on ability rather than passion. With course selection taking place at around the midpoint of grade 8, students who still have bedtimes and can’t drive a car are entrusted to make decisions that will impact the next 40 years of their lives.
Promoting a Growth Mindset in Education
I am a firm believer that “all students can succeed given adequate time and support” as so many school boards have written in their belief statements. Unfortunately, I believe that the interpretation by students and their parents is that pathways other than the academic/university pathway create a ceiling restricting the learner from maximizing their potential and encouraging a fixed mindset. Carol Dweck, the Standford University researcher in psychology and author of Mindset: The New Psychology For Success claims that talent isn’t fixed and that:
most basic abilities can be developed through dedication and hard work — brains and talent are just the starting point.
I think the piece that is so important to note here is the starting point. In the North American education system, students are expected to progress along their educational journey at the same pace regardless of their own starting point. If you are not successful in primary mathematics for example, students are identified as not being very “good” in the subject area and they forever live with this misconception. Dweck identifies some useful language to promote a growth mindset when providing feedback in an interview with 99u including her love for the word “yet” -
… I’ve also fallen in love with a new word — “yet.” You can say to someone who fell short: “You don’t seem to have this,” but then add the word “yet.” As in, “You don’t seem to have these skills…yet.” By doing that, we give people a time perspective. It creates the idea of learning over time. It puts the other person on that learning curve and says, “Well, maybe you’re not at the finish line but you’re on that learning curve and let’s go further.” It’s such a growth mindset word.
Can Selecting Pathways Promote a Growth Mindset?
With our current pathways model, I wonder whether we can truly promote students learning with a growth mindset when they are required to select a pathway that will shut the door on certain opportunities. In many cases, students have learned with a fixed mindset for so long over the 8 years of elementary that they select the pathway that will allow them to experience success with minimal effort. Once their pathway is selected, most continue along their journey without attempting to truly learn and grow.
Encouraging Pathways Without Borders
- Students could stretch beyond the learning goals of an applied course to receive an academic credit?
- Students in an academic course wasn’t able to meet a minimum number of learning goals, but could receive an applied credit due to their ability to meet the learning goals of that course?
- Students could select a pathway, but not feel confined to that pathway?
- Students were consistently pushed to maximize their learning in school?
Would it encourage a student growth mindset?
I’d like to believe it would. Removing the borders of pathways, like removing the air-filled bumpers from the bowling lane that keeps the ball from ever going in the gutter, allows students to challenge themselves to grow and still encourage student success if they reach too high, too fast. Attempting to implement a system like this would be difficult. The planning, organization and execution would require rules to change and leaders willing to stretch their necks out to ensure our students are as successful as possible.
The real challenge comes down to whether our educational leaders have the growth mindset to change our current pathways model to something truly differentiated for each individual student.